The western European country of Belgium is divided into three regions (Brussels-capital region, Flanders, and Wallonia) and three primary language groups (Dutch, French, and German).
Belgium is considered a small, open economy with over 11.5 million inhabitants and a GDP per capita of $44,500, as of 2020.
Over half of all banking transactions in the country are international financial transactions, owing to the volume of international business done.
In 2019 the country sent out over $445 billion, primarily to Germany, France, the Netherlands, the UK, and the USA.
Of this, four key sectors accounted for over 57% of total Belgian exports.
These were; chemical products (26%), vehicles and transport equipment (12.7%), machinery and electrical equipment (10.6%), and base metals (8.2%).
Belgian SMEs comprise a much larger proportion of the nation’s total trade volumes.
Cumulatively, they account for nearly 70% of the country’s export value and more than 70% of its import value, compared to an average of around 40% and 50% respectively across all other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations.
Belgium Country Profile
Official Name (Local Language)
Royaume de Belgique; Koninkrijk Belgie
Telephone Dial In
Belgium Exports Profile
Exports ($m USD)
Number of Export Products
Number of Export Partners
Top 5 export partners
% Partner Share
Top 5 Export Products at HS 6 digit level
Petroleum oils, etc, (excl. crude); preparation
Other medicaments of mixed or unmixed products,
Automobiles with diesel engine displacing more
Diamonds non-industrial unworked or simply sawn
Human and animal blood; microbial cultures; tox
Chart Showing GDP Growth Compared to rest of world
Engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment, scientific instruments, processed food and beverages, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, base metals, textiles, glass, petroleum
Importing from Belgium: what is trade finance?
Belgium is the thirteenth largest export economy.
It exports over $380B and imports around $470B, so there is a relatively large negative trade balance.
When conducting business internationally, firms in Belgium have access to a wide and flexible range of loan products offered by the 106 domestic and foreign banks that service the country.
Furthermore, over half of all banking transactions in the country are international financial transactions, owing to the volume of international business done.
Importing from Belgium? Contact our local experts
Belgium Economic Statistics
Nationale Bank van Belgie - Banque Nationale de Belgique
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