The Netherlands stands as the eighth largest export economy in the world and the twentieth most complex economy as ranked by the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).
In addition, the Netherlands is home to the Port of Rotterdam, the largest seaport by container activity outside of East Asia and Amsterdam Schiphol Airport, the fourth largest airport for cargo in Europe.
Lying within 500km of one third of the European Union (EU) population, its advanced transportation infrastructure has contributed to the relatively small nation’s position as 17th largest global economy, with a GDP per capita of $59,300.
In recent years, the Netherlands exported around $535B yearly and imported around $540B, resulting in a small negative trade balance.
In 2013 the GDP of the Netherlands was around $850B and its GDP per capita was around $46k.
The main export destinations are Germany (around $115B), Belgium-Luxembourg ($90B), the United Kingdom ($52B), France ($33B) and Italy ($26B).
The largest exports of the Netherlands are refined petroleum (at around $76B), petroleum gas ($25B), crude petroleum ($26B), computers ($16B) and packaged medicaments ($12B).
Netherlands Country Profile
Official Name (Local Language)
Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
Dutch, Eastern Frisian
Telephone Dial In
Netherlands Exports Profile
Exports ($m USD)
Number of Export Products
Number of Export Partners
Top 5 export partners
% Partner Share
Top 5 Export Products at HS 6 digit level
Petroleum oils, etc, (excl. crude); preparation
Parts and accessories of automatic data process
Transmission apparatus, for radioteleph incorpo
Other medicaments of mixed or unmixed products,
Human and animal blood; microbial cultures; tox
Chart Showing GDP Growth Compared to rest of world
GDP Composition for Netherlands
Vegetables, ornamentals, dairy, poultry and livestock products; propagation materials
Agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Importing from Netherlands: What is trade finance?
It is estimated that the value of exports is over 80% of the Netherlands’ GDP a year.
Dutch exports are dominated by a few key categories: machinery and transport equipment (28%), mineral fuels (23%), food (11%), clothing and footwear (10%), and pharmaceuticals (5%)
In order to capitalise and tap into these markets trade finance may be required.
Trade finance is a revolving facility which lenders offer. Through this process firms are able to buy stock and can help ease the pressure from cash flow challenges.
A trade finance facility could additionally help fund the importing of goods through offering a letter of credit or some form of cash advance.
If a business is looking to import inventory from other countries it may require import finance, which is an agreement between the importer and the foreign exporter.
Natasha Roston is Head of People and Growth at Trade Finance Global (TFG).
Natasha builds partnerships with Universities and external stakeholders to improve trade education projects. She is passionate about delivering innovative learning experiences to maximize engagement.
In 2022, Natasha led TFG’s Women In Trade campaign on #BreakTheBias, writing an article on the impact of gender stereotypes for gender equality in the workplace.
Natasha is also responsible for TFG careers, culture, and growth. A Level 2 Qualified Coach and Mental Health First Aid Champion, she leads internal training, supporting the holistic wellbeing and professional development of the team.
Natasha worked in education for over a decade before joining TFG. Initially in formal education as a history teacher, and then in leadership roles as a Director of Learning and Head of Classics. Following this, she worked in EdTech as a Learning Design Coach for Aula’s Higher Education platform. In addition to her work at TFG, Natasha volunteers for the Young Women’s Trust as a Work It Out – CV Volunteer.
She holds an MA from Tel Aviv University, a History PGCE from The Institute of Education and a BA from the University of Nottingham. Currently, she is studying for her Level 3 Certificate in International Trade from the Institute of Export & International Trade.
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