The country holds the 44th rank as the largest export economy in the world. New contracts with international oil companies are also forecasted to increase Iraq’s oil exports about the usual level of around 1,900,000 bbl per day. The war with Iran which almost lasted for a decade brought long-term problems for Iraq because major oil export facilities were heavily damage thus the government resorted to borrowing funds and rescheduling foreign debt payments which could ultimately be summed up to reach at least $80 billion total losses. However, in the 1980s, Iraq slowly regained from these losses as oil exports increased after the rehabilitation and construction of the pipelines and facilities.
Using the Harmonized System (HS) classification, it has been identified that the top exports of Iraq are Crude Petroleum ($76B), Refined Petroleum ($890 M), Ethers ($140 M), Tropical Fruits ($65 M) and Gold ($50 M)
The top export destinations of Iraq meanwhile would include India ($18 B), China ($16B), the United States (at around $12B), South Korea ($8.3B) and Greece ($4.4B).
Iraq Country Profile
Official Name (Local Language)
Jumhuriyat al-Iraq/Komar-i Eraq
Telephone Dial In
Iraq Exports Profile
Exports ($m USD)
Number of Export Products
Number of Export Partners
Top 5 export partners
% Partner Share
United Arab Emirates
Syrian Arab Republic
Top 5 Export Products at HS 6 digit level
Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminou
Petroleum oils, etc, (excl. crude); preparation
Other monoalkylethers of ethylene glycol or of
Other lubricating preparations, with <70% petro
Raw skins of sheep or lambs, with wool on
Chart Showing GDP Growth Compared to rest of world
Petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing
Importing from Iraq: What is trade finance?
The imports in Iraq declined from US $50,446 million to only US $45,200 million. As reported by the Central Bank of Iraq, the country’s imports averaged US $22,700 million from 1988 to 2014. On the other hand it reached its highest peak amounting to US $50,500 million in 2013 and its lowest point occurred in 1994 at around US $ 2,700 million.
Iraq’s major import commodities are Cars ($1.6 B), Raw Iron Bars (around $1 B), Insulated Wire ($900M), Rice ($850 M) and Delivery Trucks ($800 M). In addition to these items, about 40% percent of Iraq’s main imports are machinery and transport equipment, manufactured articles at about 27%, 10% for mineral fuels and another 7% for chemicals and related products.
These commodities are imported primarily from Turkey ($12 B), China ($6.9 B), South Korea ($2 B), Italy ($1.7 B) and Germany ($1.7 B).
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