The Turkish government declared 2005 as the “Year of Africa”. Since then, Turkey has consistently strengthened its presence in Africa, enabling it to establish strategic and economic partnerships.
Japan has set out its strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, and net zero emissions by the early years of the second half of this century. The strategy is not perfect and is in controversy with the actions of the corporates and the government. However, it is a welcome step and more pressure needs to be applied in order to make the strategy go further.